In ecology, an environment is defined as the everything present around us, including the living and nonliving things such as rock, soil, water bodies, plants, insects, birds, animals and other components, which adapt themselves to their surroundings.
The environment is a nature’s gift, which plays an important role in the existence of life on the planet earth. Let us explore some interesting facts about the environment along with its significance. Our planet earth is the only planet in the solar system where life exists. We have a beautiful environment, which consists of atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere. Along with these, we have different varieties of plants, herbs, trees, birds, animals, insects, mountains, forests and a lot more. It’s our responsibility to save these beautiful nature’s gifts by planting more number of trees, preserving forests, reducing the use of plastics and switching to 3R’s – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.
There are more interesting facts to learn about the environment. Here are some amazing environmental facts that we all need to know about.
Facts about the Environment
Fact – No-01
Ecology and Environmental science are the branches of life science which mainly deals with the study of organisms and their interactions among organisms and their environment.
Fact – No-02
The word “Environment” is actually obtained from the French word “Environ” which refers to “the surroundings.” And it refers to all biotic and abiotic factors and it is a foundation of the Biosphere, which determines the health of the entire planet earth.
Fact – No-03
The biotic environment comprises all living organisms such as birds, animals, insects, reptiles, mammals, aquatic animals and other microorganisms like bacteria, fungus, algae, viruses, etc.
Fact – No-04
We all are dependent on the environment for food, air, water, and other needs. It plays an important role in healthy living and the existence of life on planet earth. Therefore, we all should protect our environment.
Fact – No-05
The abiotic environment includes all non-living components including the different layers of soil, air, water, cloud, dust, mountains, rivers, land, temperature, humidity, water vapour, sand, etc.
Fact – No-06
The movement of nutrients, minerals and other essential elements between biotic and abiotic factors are all controlled by the Biogeochemical cycles. The different types of biogeochemical cycles include- oxygen cycle, water cycle, carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, and other sedimentary cycles.
Fact – No-07
There are various environmental issues, which are mainly caused by the harmful effects of human activities on the environment. The environmental issues include different types of pollution, over-population, disposal of wastes, climate change, global warming, greenhouse effect, etc.
Fact – No-08
Both organisms and environment are interdependent and interrelated with each other. Any changes in living organisms affect the environment and vice-versa.
Fact – No-09
Environment involves everything around us, which enhances the quality of life and also offers resources for production by providing all the essential requirements to lead a life.
Fact – No-10
Use of eco-friendly products reduces the emission of harmful gases into the atmosphere, which is the main cause for the Ozone Layer Depletion. This is a serious environmental issue and has a major effect on both on man and environment.
This concludes the introduction and interesting facts about the environment. For more information related to the environment, its component, its types, and other related topics, students can visit our website BYJU’S and also learn more by subscribing to our youtube videos.